Benefits of Leather

Genuine leather furniture provides unmatched levels of style, comfort, and durability. The natural materials and unique manufacturing techniques make it higher quality than other fabrics. It will not tear along the seam lines or easily rip as some other fabrics do. Through the dyeing process, colors are absorbed by the leather so they will not rub off or fade.
Leather is fire resistant and emits no toxic fumes, even when exposed to intense heat.

Modern leather will not crack or peel; instead it stretches and retains its shape without sagging.
Leather can assume body temperature rapidly and become immediately comfortable.
Leather is designed to age well, and can easily be well maintained.

Each piece of leather is unique, like a fingerprint, with its own individual characteristics, reflecting the leather’s natural origins and path from its creation to your home.

Markings such as scars, wrinkles, and grain variations add character and individuality to your
furniture and will show that your leather is quality.

Types of Leather

Cowhides are too thick to remain as they are, so they must be split into thinner layers. There are two primary grades or cuts of leather: top grain and split grain. When a hide is split into layers, the surface layer is referred to as the top grain. It is approximately 3/64 inches thick and is the strongest, most durable part of the hide. However, it is also the most supple and soft part of the hide. Split grain is stiff and less durable, and is typically only used in areas of furniture that aren’t seen.

Corrected grain leather is top grain leather that has been buffed, sanded, and embossed to restore a natural-looking grain pattern and minimize flaws and surface imperfections .Full grain leather is another variation of top grain leather, where the grain of the leather is not mechanically altered and left in its natural state. Full grain leather is the best quality, but is limited in availability.

Bonded also known as reconstituted or blended leather, bonded leather is man-made combining a pulp made from shredded authentic leather and bonding materials. This is then layered on fiber backing in sheets. Bonded leather is typically finished with a texture and a film coating to give it a long-lasting and realistic look.
This method is cost-effective, consistent, and environmentally-friendly as it uses materials that would normally be scrapped.

Faux, artificial, and imitation leathers are usually made of a chemically-treated fabric. The fabric is covered in wax or dye to color and texture it to appear similar to real leather. This type of leather is nonporous. It does not make for comfortable or breathable clothing, it does, however, makes easy-to-clean furniture, car seats, and upholstery.
Faux leather is often much less expensive than real leather. While some versions can look less expensive, there are many options that look and feel more realistic.

Microfiber is another economical option. Microfiber is a classification for superfine filaments that are manufactured and woven together to create synthetic fabric. Microfiber has a softer, almost suede-like texture and is generally lighter than conventional fabrics. Microfiber fabrics are generally resilient or resist wrinkling, have a luxurious drape and body, retain shape, and resist moisture very well. Also, they are relatively strong and durable in relation to other fabrics of similar weight.

Leather Treatment Processes

There is a variety terms used to describe the leather making process. We have broken down the various treatments and the resulting leather type; fill aniline leather, semi aniline leather, and pigmented leather.

Full aniline leather dyeing is suitable only for the very best full grain hides that have few imper-fections. During the tanning process, the hides are soaked with a translucent dye in large rotating stainless steel drums.

The dye is absorbed by the pores of the leather, permeates the surface of the hide, and combines with the high fibers to form a compound. This process gives the hide color without covering over its natural markings or subtle variations.

Due to the dyeing process that is used, aniline leather is less stain resistant, but stays softer and more pliable than leather with other finishes. With the absence of a surface finish, aniline leather ages differently than most. Over the course of time it will develop a beautiful patina finish that will add to the natural character of your furniture.

Semi aniline leather offers the softness of aniline leather but provides the surface protection and color uniformity of pigmented leathers. The hide goes through the same drum dyeing process as the aniline leather, but a supplemental step follows.

A light top coating of highly dispersed pigments and dyes is added to the aniline-dyed hide to even out the color of the hide’s surface; however, any large imperfections on the surface will still be visible. The topcoat makes the leather fade and stain resistant.
Semi-aniline leathers are available in a multitude of colors. They retain a great amount of the softness of aniline-dyed hides because the natural top grain is left intact.

Pigmented leather is more durable and easier to maintain than aniline or semi aniline leathers; it is ideal for heavy use or active families. Tanneries use hides that are not suitable for aniline or semi aniline leathers to create pigmented leathers.

These hides usually have naturally occurring imperfections that are first lightly sanded or buffed, then embossed to give the surface a uniform grain. Most pigmented leathers are drum dyed, and then an additional coating containing opaque pigments and a protective coating is applied. Although some of the natural softness is sacrificed in the process, pigmented leathers are easy to maintain and have maximum resistance to wear, soiling, and fading from light.

Cleaning and protection

Leather is a living material that matures beautifully if treated properly. You should therefore consider the following:
Never place leather furniture closer than 20-30 cm to a radiator or in direct sunlight.

Vacuum clean leather often with a soft brush and, when necessary, clean any exposed surfaces, such as armrests and headrests. For stains that are water-soluble, dampen the area and dry using a paper towel.

If you should get a stain that cannot be removed, never experiment with strong solvents or chemicals. The problem could get worse, needing to be repaired: instead return to the store from which you purchased the furniture and ask for advice. If the staff cannot answer, ask them to contact the manufacturer for the correct advice.


Our founders built the Eastman House Brand on the tradition of developing quality sleep products to meet the comfort and support needs of our customers. Today, we are continuing that tradition of giving you the best choice for a better night’s sleep on a mattress that will cradle you in elegant comfort for many years.


49 Sungei Kadut Avenue
Singapore 729673
Phone: (65) 6362 0018


10 Toh Guan Road
#01-02/03 The Furniture Mall
Singapore 608838
Phone: (65) 6316 0018


18 Tampines Industrial Crescent
#01-04A SPACE@Tampines
Singapore 528605
Phone: (65) 6386 2018